Siemens AG

Full Text

A publicly traded German multinational technology conglomerate focused on automation and digitalization in the manufacturing industries, intelligent infrastructure for buildings and distributed energy systems, smart mobility solutions for rail transport, and medical technology and digital healthcare services.

Siemens provides its DDEMU model cars from the Desiro series for the Tel Aviv Jerusalem Fast Train (A1).

In 2018, Siemens won a tender from the Israeli state-owned railway company, Israel Railways, for the supply of 330 electric cars in the amount of approximately NIS 4 billion, as part of the Israel Railways electrification project, which includes the Tel Aviv Jerusalem Fast Train (A1).

The tender included the provision of wagons in the amount of NIS 3.2 billion, the establishment of the maintenance facility for the wagons in the amount of NIS 230 million and maintenance services in the amount of approximately NIS 400 million. The tender included the purchase of 60 sets of electric cars, which make up about 330 cars, which contain about 33,000 seats. In addition, Siemens will build a maintenance facility for the electric cars for the company and provide maintenance services.

In December 2021, the Siemens train cars came into use in the A1 train route. The A1 train route crosses the Green Line into the occupied West Bank in two areas, using occupied Palestinian land, some of it privately owned, for an Israeli transportation project aimed exclusively for Israelis. In December 2021, the Siemens train cars came into use in the A1 train route. For more on the A1 train see Who Profits report: Crossing the Line: The Tel Aviv Jerusalem Fast Train (A1).

In February 2024, Siemens responded to a Who Profits letter by stating the following: “Siemens Mobility is acting as a supplier for the Israel Railways Double Deck Electrical Multiple Units (DDEMU) project. The business relationship with Israel Railways is based on a framework agreement that was concluded in 2017 and is still ongoing. Upon conclusion of the contract, Siemens Mobility undertook to supply 60 trains and to provide maintenance and repair services for a period of 15 years. The contract contains so-called customer options, which contractually enable Israel Railways to purchase additional trains from Siemens Mobility on a recurring basis within 10 years. In addition, there are options in favour of Israel Railways to extend the maintenance and repair services, whereby an extension is possible up to a maximum period of 29 years. Israel Railways recently placed a new order for an additional 81 trains. The DDEMU trains can be used on the entire electric rail network of Israel Railways.

Siemens was not involved in the construction of the A1 line. An internal and external legal review at the time came to the conclusion that this transaction was in line with our human rights due diligence obligations. Potential new business activities will be subject to another comprehensive human rights due diligence review, particularly about international humanitarian law. We are carefully monitoring current developments in Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.”

In 2015, 2010 and 2009, Who Profits team documented Siemens’ traffic control systems on Road 5 and Road 443 in the occupied West Bank, as part of an Israeli road system on which Palestinians are forbidden from travelling.  Siemens traffic control systems were also documented on Road 1 at the entrance to the Mishor Adumim settlement industrial zone.

In 2015, Who Profits team documented a Siemens traffic lights system on road 443 along with the logo of Siemens’ exclusive Israeli representative in the field of traffic control, RS Industries. In 2014, RS Industries also won a Jerusalem Municipality tender for the provision of maintenance services to the traffic control systems in two tunnels located beyond the Green Line: Levi Eshkol tunnel on Road 60 and Har HaTzofim tunnels on Har HaTzofim Road.

In February 2024, Siemens responded to a Who Profits letter by stating the following: “Siemens did not supply, install, or maintain traffic control systems for use on roads in the occupied territories. Please further note that Intelligent Traffic Systems (ITS) was carved out of Siemens in July 2021.”

Through its Israeli representative, Orad Group, the company provided equipment and technology to the Israel Prison Service (IPS).

In 2020, Orad was contracted by the IPS to be the sole supplier of maintenance service, repairs and changes to Siemens’ fire alarm system from January 2021 until the end of 2023. In 2018, Orad was provided the IPS with annual maintenance service, repairs and changes to Siemens’ fire detection and extinguishing systems in the IPS until the end of 2020.

Between the years 2012 and 2017, Orad supplied maintenance services for a Siemens fire detection and extinguishing system in the IPS facilities.