Energix Renewable Energies

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אנרג׳יקס אנרגיות מתחדשות

A publicly traded Israeli company active in the field of renewable energy.

Through its subsidiary, Clean Wind Energy Ltd., the company has been developing the ARAN project for the construction of a large wind turbine farm, located in the occupied Syrian Golan, to generate electricity from wind energy. The project will include 41 wind turbines, 200 meters long each, on agricultural land owned by Syrian farmers.

As of March 2022, the ARAN project holds a conditional license for 114.5 megawatts and is expected to be connected to the electricity grid in April 2025. According to the company’s 2021 annual report, the ARAN project has a capacity of 104 megawatts, the cost of its establishment is 650-750 million NIS, and its expected annual revenue is 80-90 million NIS.

The turbines will be built in the Northern Syrian Golan in two sites: the Suheita compound, on the southeastern side of Majdal Shams, and the Ra’abana compound, on the southwestern side of the village of Masaada, both of which are agricultural lands owned by Syrian farmers. The electrical substation will be located in Bar’on Junction, also in the occupied Golan.

In December 2021, Energix signed an agreement with the Israeli Ministry of Defense, to ensure the turbines do not interfere with the Israeli military’s operations in the occupied Golan. Two thirds of the cost of the technological solution, estimated at 250 million NIS, will be imposed on the company. Since 2015, the company have signed contracts with local Syrian farmers to lease their lands for the construction of the wind turbines. According to the NGO Al-Marsad, the contracts with the farmers include a demand that all farmers register their lands with Israel, and give the company “a designation of land rights that allows the company to destroy and utilize whatever it wants on the leased land”, and assure “a lack of exclusivity between Energix and landowners that allows Energix an unrestricted ability to pass the rights and obligations of the contract to another company or person”. Al-Marsad further noted that the compensation given to Syrian farmers is considerably low compared to the compensation given to Israelis who are leasing their lands for similar projects. While Syrian farmers are offered one percent of the project’s revenues, Israelis have been offered as much as five times more. In May 2021, 88 farmers and six private water associations filed a lawsuit with the court requesting to stop the company project claiming that part of it would be established on their land without their consent. According to the lawsuit, most of the farmers who signed an agreement with Energix for land use withdrew their consent, and more than 5,000 Syrian residents signed a petition against the project and raising concerns about health and environmental consequences for the residents of the area.

In June 2019, Energix filed suit against Al-Marsad, alleging defamation and claiming that Al-Marsad had incited a boycott in violation of Israel’s anti-boycott law. The lawsuit marks the first time the anti-boycott law has been used in an attempt to silence the speech and activities of a human rights organization. In a January 2020 letter to Energix, UN Special Rapporteurs expressed concern that the lawsuit and the smear campaign targeting Al-Marsad “may be aimed at curtailing the organisation’s ability to carry out its legitimate human rights activities, damaging its reputation and forcing it to cease its human rights activities.”

In April 2020, while the Israeli-controlled Golan was under lockdown due to the Covid-19 pandemic and local residents were confined to their homes, Energix representatives, accompanied by Israeli police, reportedly visited project sites to demarcate plots and erect signs. According to Al-Marsad, Golani Syrians who left their homes to document Energix’s visits to project sites were subsequently harassed and questioned by the police.

In December 2020, 20 protesters were injured were injured and eight were arrested in a demonstration against the Energix wind project. According to local residents, the police used rubber bullets and tear gas on the protesters and farmers in the agricultural lands belonging to the Syrian villages.

For more on The Israeli Wind Energy Industry in the Occupied Syrian Golan read Who Profits’ flash report: Greenwashing the Golan.

In 2022, the company was selected to participate in a pilot program launched by the Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development to examine the feasibility of the dual use of agricultural land for electricity generation from solar energy. As part of the project, the company will collaborate with the Migal Galilee Research Institute to construct an agro-voltaic facility in a vineyard in the settlement of Sha’al in the Syrian Golan.

In 2021, Energix sold its 50.1% stake in the Meitarim solar field, located in Meitarim Industrial Zone in the Jordan Valley in the occupied West Bank, for a profit of NIS 9 million, to the Israeli renewable energies company Meshek Energy (TASE: MSKE). The Meitarim solar field takes up 98,749 square meters of Palestinian land.

For more on The Solar Energy Industry and the Israeli Occupation read Who Profits’ in-depth report: Greenwashing the Occupation: The Solar Energy Industry and the Israeli Occupation.