A major Israeli telecommunications service provider. Bezeq and its subsidiaries provide domestic, international and cellular phone services, broadband Internet, satellite TV and corporate networks.
The company is publicly traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BEZQ.
As of 2022, Bezeq owned 40 properties in illegal Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank.
In 2021, Bezeq received an exemption from tender to provide the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) in the occupied West Bank, with landline communication services until the end of 2022.
In 2020, Bezeq was awarded a license to operate and provide high-speed internet to illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank
Bezeq took part in the expansion of the Beitar Illit and Efrat settlement project between 2012 and 2021 as an external infrastructure and utility provider. The project included 8,333 housing units by Gadish Group, underground works, drainage, road grading and sloping, retaining wall (geogrid soil reinforcement, gravity, and reinforced walls), and developing open public spaces in difficult mountainous topography. The financial cost of the project was NIS 800,000 in an area of 10,161 dunams.
In 2012, Who Profits documented Bezeq services in illegal Settlement in the occupied West Bank including Geva Benyamin and Oranit. In addition, in 2008, Who Profits documented Bezeq service boxes at the Jubara Checkpoint close to the Palestinian city of Tulkarem in the occupied West Bank.
Involvement of Subsidiaries:
Pelephone, a fully owned subsidiary of Bezeq, is a provider of cellular services.
The company has a license for providing cellular services in illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank until September 2032.
As of 2022, Pelephone has at least 157 cellular antennas on occupied land in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and 19 cellular antennas in the Syrian Golan.
In 2021, Pelephone was one of the Israeli cellular companies along with Cellcom and Partner, to win a tender by the municipality of the settlement of Beitar Illit in the occupied West Bank, for the right to use land to install cellular antennas.
In 2020, Pelephone signed a one-year agreement with the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) in the occupied West Bank, for the installment of amplifiers improving cellular reception. The ICA published an exemption from tender for Pelephone, because its employees are subscribed to and are clients of Pelephone.
In 2013-2014, the company had an agreement with the Efrat Economic Development Company (belonging to the settlement of Efrat in the occupied West Bank) whereby the latter operated as an agent of telecommunication providers Cellcom and Pelephone. The two companies charged the Efrat Economic Development Company for the purchase of equipment and services, while the latter received 2% from the companies’ profits.
D.B.S Satellite Services (1998) Ltd "YES"
DBS or "YES", a fully owned subsidiary of Bezeq, provides multi-channel satellite and online television transmissions to subscribers in illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank. D.B.S Satellite Services Ltd "YES" has a satellite television license for broadcasting in the illegal settlements, valid through December 2022. In July 2021, an application request was made to the Director General of Judea and Samaria (the Hebrew name for the West Bank) for the renewal of D.B.S Satellite Services Ltd "YES" television license.
In 2021, Bezeq International, a fully owned subsidiary of Bezeq, a provider of internet and international telecommunication services, was contracted by the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) in the occupied Palestinian Territory, for maintenance work for operators in its facilities until the end of 2022.
In 2019, the University of Ariel awarded Cellcom and Bezeq International a tender for the provision of Internet services.
Palestinian Communications Sector- A captive market
Bezeq enjoys access to the Palestinian market as a captive market, as Palestinian telecommunications infrastructure and services are dependent on the Israeli backbone and suppliers. Lacking the proper infrastructure for their services, Palestinian telecommunication providers rely on Bezeq for infrastructure services. Bezeq also provides connection to its network, billing services, leasing of space, and services in leased premises.
While the Paris Protocol (the economic annex to the Oslo Accords) grants the Palestinian Authority the right to build and operate an independent telecommunication infrastructure, Israel controls the allocation of frequency spectrum and the imports of ICT equipment, and restricts Palestinian access to Area C, leading to a crippled Palestinian telecommunication sector, one that is held captive by the Israeli market. for more, read Who Profits Report Signal Strength: Occupied The Telecommunication Sector and The Israeli Occupation